The Windrush controversy has placed the Government’s efforts to crack down on illegal immigration under the spotlight.
Underpinned by legislation including the Immigration Acts of 2014 and 2016, ministers set out to introduce what then home secretary Theresa May described as a “hostile environment” for those in the UK unlawfully.
The approach was designed to deny illegal immigrants access to work, accommodation and vital services in anticipation this would encourage individuals to leave the country voluntarily.
Some immigrants from the Windrush generation have claimed they are facing deportation, or are being denied access to healthcare, or have lost their jobs, because they do not have official documents to prove their right to be in the UK.
The third reading of the Immigration Act 2014 was on 30 January 2014. A total of 311 MPs voted, with 295 in support of the bill and 16 against.