Archives for posts with tag: autism spectrum disorder

A new study by researchers at Roche in Basel, Switzerland has identified a key brain region of the neural circuit that controls social behavior. Increasing the activity of this region, called the habenula, led to social problems in rodents, whereas decreasing activity of the region prevented social problems.

The study, which appears in Biological Psychiatry, suggests that social impairments characteristic of autism spectrum disorder may stem from alteration of activity in this circuit, and that tuning this circuit may help treat the social deficits in the disorder.

“We are excited about this study as it identifies a brain circuit that may play a critical role in social reward, which is affected in autism,” said senior author Dr. Anirvan Ghosh, who was the Head of Neuroscience Research at Roche and now serves as Head of Research and Early Development at Biogen. The findings provide clues as to what may be altered in the brain to lead to neurodevelopmental conditions like autism spectrum disorder.

 

Source: Autism: Brain circuit controls social behavior identified: A new study identifies specific brain circuit that may lead to social impairments in autism spectrum disorder : Science Daily

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Early signs of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be detected in infants, yet many children with autism do not receive a diagnosis until the ages of two or three. While not every autistic baby is able to be diagnosed as an infant, there are many benefits to receiving a diagnosis before reaching preschool age. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) an autism diagnosis can be appropriately given at the age of 18 months or even sooner for some babies. Doctors will typically do a screening for autism spectrum disorders at the 9 month, 18 month, 2-year, and 3-year wellness checkups. The earlier an infant is diagnosed with autism, the sooner interventions can begin and the best resources can be identified.

Many children with autism, however, do not receive an official diagnosis until they reach the age of two or three years old, usually after the child has already begun preschool and social interactions have become more obviously strained. It is never too late to be diagnosed and begin identifying resources to help make life with autism easier. The earlier a child is diagnosed (especially in his/her formative years of development) the sooner the child can begin to benefit from selected

 

Source: Signs of Autism in Infants and Children – Autism Parenting Magazine


Source: 8-year-old autistic girl creates amazing portraits


I was fortunate enough to join a contingent with The Arc of North Carolina and attend the 2017 Disability Policy Seminar in Washington, DC in March.  It was an incredible learning experience, as I came to better understand the inner workings of our political system and the impact our legislators have on the government benefit […]

Source: Securing the Future for Your Child with Special Needs – Autism Parenting Magazine


State-provided disability services often fail to meet the needs of adults with autism, according to a new report finding many with access to supports don’t have any regular daytime activities.

Source: Many Adults With Autism Struggling Even With Services – Disability Scoop


New research finds higher concentrations of heavy metals in the baby teeth of children with autism spectrum disorder, compared with children without.

Source: Exposure to heavy metals may increase risk of autism – Medical News Today


New method uses biochemistry to accurately predict whether a child will develop autism spectrum disorder by measuring the products of metabolic processes.

Source: New biochemical method accurately diagnoses autism in children – Medical News Today


Autism is more common in males. Now, a new study finds it also linked to having a brain with certain anatomical features that are more common in males.

Source: Autism more common in people whose brains are anatomically more male-like – Medical News Today


People with autism have low levels of the protein nSR100. Now, by reducing this this protein in mice, scientists have triggered behaviors linked to autism.

Source: Could absence of one protein explain 1 in 3 cases of autism? – Medical News Today


Individuals with both rare and common types of autism spectrum disorder share a similar set of epigenetic modifications in the brain, according to a study published in Cell.

Source: Shared epigenetic changes underlie different types of autism – Medical News Today

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