Researchers led by those from Warwick University in the United Kingdom have developed a diagnosis test for autism that may predict it with an unprecedented level of accuracy.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition that impacts cognition, behavior, and social interaction.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 1 in 68 children have ASD.
Given its developmental nature, ASD may have an early onset, but it typically takes a while for the first symptoms to appear. As such, early diagnosis is not usually possible.
Therefore, a chemistry-based diagnosis test for the early detection of ASD may be crucial, enabling children to receive the care that they need much earlier on. Until now, no such test was available.
But an international team of researchers — led by Dr. Naila Rabbani, a reader of experimental systems biology at the University of Warwick — believes that it has designed tests that can accurately detect ASD-related protein changes in the blood and urine.
The findings were published in the journal Molecular Autism.
Early signs of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be detected in infants, yet many children with autism do not receive a diagnosis until the ages of two or three. While not every autistic baby is able to be diagnosed as an infant, there are many benefits to receiving a diagnosis before reaching preschool age. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) an autism diagnosis can be appropriately given at the age of 18 months or even sooner for some babies. Doctors will typically do a screening for autism spectrum disorders at the 9 month, 18 month, 2-year, and 3-year wellness checkups. The earlier an infant is diagnosed with autism, the sooner interventions can begin and the best resources can be identified.
Many children with autism, however, do not receive an official diagnosis until they reach the age of two or three years old, usually after the child has already begun preschool and social interactions have become more obviously strained. It is never too late to be diagnosed and begin identifying resources to help make life with autism easier. The earlier a child is diagnosed (especially in his/her formative years of development) the sooner the child can begin to benefit from selected