The phrase ‘2.4 children’ refers to the stereotypical family size in this country. But does it still hold true? As the ONS publishes its first analysis of births that took place in England and Wales in 2018, Nick Stripe takes a look at whether it’s time to change that number.
Cast your mind back to the nineties. The era of Britpop and football coming home, where things could only get better. The sitcom 2Point4 Children, starring Belinda Lang and Gary Olsen, introduced Bill and Ben Porter to BBC viewers on the 3rdSeptember 1991. It ran until the 30th December 1999, just as the new millennium party was getting into full swing.
Strictly speaking, Bill and Ben only had two children, David and Jenny. But dad, Ben, had juvenile tendencies which, helpfully, meant that there were 2.4 kids really. How typical were they then and now?
The broad picture painted by our analysis of births in 2018 is one of decreases and record lows. A birth rate of 11.1 births per 1,000 total population was the lowest ever recorded. And a fertility rate of 1.7 children per woman, was lower than all years except 1977 and 1999–2002.
How things have changed
At the height of the ‘baby boom’ in the late 1940s and mid 1960s, England and Wales was the scene of nearly 900,000 births per year. This represented a birth rate of around 20 births for every 1,000 people in the country. If the fertility rates of those years had persisted, women would, on average, have each given birth to around 2.8 children. This is known as the ‘total’ fertility rate. It projects forward how many children the average woman would have if she experienced that year’s ‘age-specific’ fertility rates throughout her life.
Source: Whatever happened to 2 Point 4 children? | National Statistical
The prime minister was foolish to bring today’s case, she’ll be relieved the decision wasn’t a lot worse
Source: Theresa May will be quietly pleased with the Supreme Court judgement
Reblogged from Beyond Disability
• Disabled people are significantly more likely to be victims of crime than non-disabled people. This gap is largest among 16-34 year-olds, where 39% of disabled people reported being victims of crime, compared to 28% of non-disabled people.
• It is estimated there are 62,000 disability motivated hate crimes each year on average.
• In 2013-14, there were 1,985 disability hate crimes recorded by the police in England and Wales, an 8% increase from 2012/13.
• 40% of disability hate crimes involved violence against the person; of these, 31% involved injury.
Disability and Leadership
• 27% of disability hate crimes involved public order offences, 13% involved criminal damage and arson, the remaining 20% involved crimes such as theft, burglary and sexual offences.
• More than 80% of 16 year olds with a statement of Special Educational Needs or disability have reported being bullied, compared to less than two thirds of non-disabled young people.
• 56% of disabled people said they had experienced hostility, aggression or violence from a stranger because of their condition or impairment.
• Disabled people are less likely than non-disabled people to think the criminal justice system is fair, 57% as opposed to 63%.
• A similar pattern is observed in attitudes of disabled and non-disabled people to whether the criminal justice system is effective, 38% compared to 44%.
• More than 20% of disabled people have experienced harassment in public because of their impairment.
• Harassment is the most common crime experienced by disabled people. Verbal abuse outside homes and repeat burglaries are common experiences.
• 9 out of 10 people with a learning disability have been a victim of hate crime and bullying.
• People with mental ill health are more likely to be the victims of crime than the perpetrators, and the costs to the criminal justice system are significant.
• Disabled people are significantly more likely to experience unfair treatment at work than non-disabled people (19% compared with 13%).
Courtesy of Papworth………’