Covid: Antibodies ‘fall rapidly after infection’ – BBC News


So, this research is saying that immunity from COVID-19 does not last long, maybe only for 6 months, so this should quell the call for ‘herd immunity’. Those persons who feel the current lockdowns should be ignored or not even be put in force and people should be allowed to have COVID-19 as a means to have more immunity within the UK, should now stop making those comments, as their thinking has been disproved.

However, I feel the question of conspiracy theories could be put forward, so they may continue in their beliefs, which they are entitled to have.

So, more work is required in this research, for if true, it could mean an immunisation programme be introduced every 6 months.

But the take up of the Flu immunisation programme, which is currently taking place, is far from good, see for the period 2018/2019.

See Table 1

 

Patients aged 65 years and over
Vaccine uptake in patients over 65 years old was 72.0% in the 2018 to 2019 season, compared to 72.9% last season (Table 1). This season saw a phased delivery of the recommended, newly licenced adjuvanted vaccine for the 65 and over population. 40% of the vaccine was supplied in September followed by 20% in October and 40% in November.

Some may say 70% is a good turnout, but is it and what about the figures for under 65s which are far from good.

So what does this hold for any COVID-19 vaccine, which will more likely be every 6 months rather than yearly, it does not look good.

So, COVID-19 could be with us for years to come.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Covid: Antibodies ‘fall rapidly after infection’ – BBC News

 

Source: Covid: Antibodies ‘fall rapidly after infection’ – BBC News

Why the flu shot cannot give you the flu (and why you should get one now) : The Conversation


Flu vaccination prevents millions of flu-related illnesses and deaths annually, but vaccination rates are low for many reasons.

During the 2018-2019 flu season, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that about 45% of U.S. adults received the flu vaccine. While this is an increase of 8% from 2017-2018, it falls way below the national goal of 70% of American adults receiving a flu shot.

One of the common myths that leads people to avoid the flu shot is that they think the shot will give them the flu. But that is simply not true. The virus in the vaccine is not active, and an inactive virus cannot transmit disease. What is true is that you may feel the effects of your body mounting an immune response, but that does not mean you have the flu.

I am a nursing professor with experience in public health promotion, and I hear this and other myths often. Here are the facts and the explanations behind them.

 

Source: Why the flu shot cannot give you the flu (and why you should get one now) : The Conversation

Public Health England says less effective flu vaccine may have contributed to largest percentage rise in deaths since 1968.


‘He said: “Although in most winters, the vaccine is well matched, winter 2014-15 saw the circulation of a drifted H3 flu strain, making the vaccine less effective than the typical 50% we had seen in recent previous years. It is possible that this contributed to the increase in excess mortality.”’

What an understatement as a less effective vaccine will lead to an increase in mortality, otherwise why have a vaccine in the first place, if this will have no effect.

Who should have the flu jab?


Original post from NHS Choices

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For most people, flu is an unpleasant illness, but it’s not serious. If you are otherwise healthy, you will usually recover from fluwho-should-have-flu-vaccine_364x200_CT4T89 within a week.

However, certain people are more likely to develop potentially serious complications of flu, such as bronchitis and pneumonia. These people are advised to have a flu jab each year.

People who should have a flu jab

The injected flu vaccine is offered free of charge on the NHS to people who are at risk. This is to ensure they are protected against catching flu and developing serious complications.

You are eligible to receive a free flu jab if you:

  • are 65 years of age or over
  • are pregnant
  • have certain medical conditions
  • are very overweight
  • are living in a long-stay residential care home or other long-stay care facility
  • receive a carer’s allowance, or you are the main carer for an elderly or disabled person whose welfare may be at risk if you fall ill
  • are a healthcare worker with direct patient contact, or a social care worker

Over-65s and the flu jab

You are eligible for the flu vaccine this year (2015-16) if you are aged 65 and over on March 31 2016 – that is, you were born on or before March 31 1951. So, if you are currently 64 but will be 65 on March 31 2016, you do qualify.

Pregnant women and the flu jab

If you’re pregnant, you’re advised to have the injectable flu vaccine, regardless of the stage of pregnancy you’ve reached.

That’s because there’s strong evidence to suggest pregnant women have an increased risk of developing complications if they get flu.

If you’re pregnant, you will benefit from the flu vaccine because:

  • it reduces your chance of getting serious complications of flu, such as pneumonia, particularly in the later stages of pregnancy
  • it reduces your risk of having a miscarriage, or your baby being born prematurely or with a low birth weight because of the flu
  • it will help protect your baby as they will continue to have some immunity to flu for the first few months of their life

It’s safe to have the flu vaccine at any stage of pregnancy from conception onwards. The vaccine doesn’t carry any risks for you or your baby. Talk to your GP or midwife if you are unsure about the vaccination.

Read more about the flu jab in pregnancy.

Flu jab for people with medical conditions

The injected flu vaccine is offered free of charge on the NHS to anyone with a serious long-term health condition. That includes these types of illnesses:

This list of conditions isn’t definitive. It’s always an issue of clinical judgement.

Your GP can assess you individually to take into account the risk of flu exacerbating any underlying illness you may have, as well as your risk of serious illness from flu itself.

The vaccine should always be offered in such cases, even if you are not technically in one of the risk groups above.

If you live with someone who has a weakened immune system, you may also be advised to have a flu vaccine. Speak to your GP or pharmacist about this.

Flu jab if you’re very overweight

The injected flu jab is recommended for anyone who is severely overweight with a body mass index (BMI) over 40.

Read more about BMI and how to check it.

Flu vaccine for children

The flu vaccine is recommended for:

  • children over the age of six months with a long-term health condition
  • healthy children aged two, three and four plus children in school years one and two.

Children aged between six months and two years of age who are eligible for the flu vaccine should have the flu jab.

Children eligible for the flu vaccine aged between two and 18 will usually have the flu vaccine nasal spray.

Read about who should have the children’s flu vaccine.

Flu jab for health and social care workers

Outbreaks of flu can occur in health and social care settings, and, because flu is so contagious, staff, patients and residents are all at risk of infection.

If you’re a front-line health and social care worker, you are eligible for an NHS flu jab to protect yourself, your colleagues and other members of the community.

It is your employer’s responsibility to arrange vaccination for you. So, if you are an NHS-employed front-line healthcare worker, the NHS will pay for your vaccination. If you are a social care worker, your employer – for example, your local authority – will pay for vaccination.

In the case of health and social care workers employed by private companies, those companies will arrange and pay for the vaccinations.

Public Health England has this advice on flu vaccination of health and social care workers (PDF, 131kb).

Flu jab for carers

If you care for someone who is elderly or disabled, speak to your GP or pharmacist about having a flu jab along with the person you care for.

Read more about the flu jab for carers on the Carers UK website.   ……………’